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Data Brokers

Whether filing online or by mail, an Annual Registration is required between January 1st and January 31st following each calendar year in which you meet the definition a data broker (as defined on this page). Please allow 7-10 business days for the processing of any filings received by mail.


Definitions & Law

A Data Broker is a business, or unit or units of a business, separately or together, that knowingly collects and sells or licenses to third parties the brokered personal information of a consumer with whom the business does not have a direct relationship. 9 V.S.A. § 2430(4)(A).

Examples of a direct relationship with a business include if the consumer is a past or present; 9 V.S.A. § 2430(4)(B):

  • customer, client, subscriber, user, or registered user of the business’s goods or services;
  • employee, contractor, or agent of the business;
  • investor in the business; or
  • donor to the business.

The following activities conducted by a business, and the collection and sale or licensing of brokered personal information incidental to conducting these activities, do not qualify the business as a data broker; 9 V.S.A. § 2430(4)(C):

  • developing or maintaining third-party e-commerce or application platforms;
  • providing 411 directory assistance or directory information services, including name, address, and telephone number, on behalf of or as a function of a telecommunications carrier;
  • providing publicly available information related to a consumer’s business or profession; or
  • providing publicly available information via real-time or near-real-time alert services for health or safety purposes.

The phrase “sells or licenses” does not include; 9 V.S.A. § 2430(4)(D):

  • a one-time or occasional sale of assets of a business as part of a transfer of control of those assets that is not part of the ordinary conduct of the business; or
  • a sale or license of data that is merely incidental to the business.

Vermont Data Broker Law (9 V.S.A. ch. 62, subch. 5):

Contact Information

Corporations & Business Services

Marlene Betit, Director

128 State Street

Montpelier, VT 05633



Service by Phone

7:45 AM to 4:30 PM

Monday - Friday (except holidays)


888-647-4582 (toll free)

Walk-in Service

7:45 AM to 4:30 PM

Monday - Friday (except holidays)

128 State Street, Montpelier

Mailing Address

Vermont Secretary of State

Corporations Division

128 State Street

Montpelier, VT 05633-1104



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